A census taker asks a lady at her front door how many people live in her house and what their ages are. The woman tells him that her three daughters live in the house, that the product of their ages is thirty-six, and that the sum of their ages is the number of the house next door. The census taker goes next door and looks at the number of the house. When he returns he tells the woman the information she gave him is not sufficient, whereupon the woman tells him, "My oldest daughter is sleeping upstairs." The census taker thanks her and promptly figures out the daughters' ages. What are the ages and how does he know?

The solution is:

* The woman has a nine year old daughter and two-year-old twins. Since the census taker knew both the product and the sum of their ages, confusion could arise only if two or more sets of ages led to the same product and sum. If you break 36 into three factors you find that only two sets of ages (9, 2, 2 and 6, 6, 1) lead to the same sum; 13. The woman's final piece of information tells the census taker there is only one oldest daughter, not two of the same age.*
So the bloke goes next door and sees the number 13, so he says it is not sufficient cause the woman's daughters might be respectively 2, 2, and 9 y/o OR 1, 6 and 6 y/o. So when the woman says that her oldest daughter is sleeping upstairs (ant not daughterS) he guesses the ages are 2, 2 and 9

ReplyDelete...was that the right way to think?

COOL BLOG!!

:-)

Pretty pleeease don't leave us hanging! do tell the answer!!! I am SO curious!! :-)

ReplyDelete@Antonella - YOU GOT IT!!!! I am extremely sorry for missing my own deadline on this one (how the hell does that even happen??!) but I am so busy that all my blogs have taken a bit of a back seat (and burner) but YOU GOT IT nonetheless! Congrats!... I will try to put a new Puzzle/Riddle up soon... thanks for the "

ReplyDeleteCOOL BLOG" comment... glad you like it...